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5/30/11

Breast cancer diagnosis of Breast Cancer Diseases | it


Breast cancer is a disease where there is excessive growth or not controlled growth of cells (tissue) breast, It can happen to women and men. From all over the world, breast cancer (Breast Cancer /Carcinoma mammary) reported as one cause of cancer death number five (5) after; lungs of cancer, uterine cancer, liver of cancer and colon of cancer.

The cause of Breast Cancer Diseases

Breast cancer regarded the most common cancer attacking women, though men also have the possibility of having this disease with a ratio of 1 in 1000. It is not yet known exactly what causes this of cancer occurs, but several factors likely are:


1. Age, disease breast of cancer is increased in their teens or older.

2. Genetic, There are two types of genes ( B R C A 1 and B R C A 2 )
That It Might as risk. If the mother or female relatives of breast cancer, then you probably have a breast cancer risk 2-fold compared to other women in her family there was no single patient.

3. The use of drugs, for example a woman who uses hormone replacement therapy drugs {hormone replacement therapy (H R T) such as exogenous hormones can cause increased risk of getting breast cancer.

4. Other factors suspected as the cause of breast of cancer are: not married, married but no children, gave birth to their first child after age 35 years, never feed my child.

Some studies reveal that breast cancer is increased in people who often face stressful conditions (shock people) and also for women who previously suffered under the age of 11 years of menstruation


Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer Diseases
For those of you who feel a strange lump surrounding breast tissue or even one of your breasts look bigger, faster should consult your doctor. These lumps are usually painless, ranging from small size became large and palpable as attached to the skin. Some cases of breast skin changes around the lump or change in her nipples
When the lump started to grow, then cause pain (pain) when pressed. If you feel pain in the breasts and nipples that do not go away, you should immediately consult a medicine. Putting milk into contract, which was pink and finally to brown and even the existence of edema (swelling) around the nipple is one strong sign of breast of cancer. Another thing is the frequency of discharge from the nipple when not nursing your baby.


Breast Cancer Diseases Diagnosis
Breast cancer can be known with certainty by way of taking samples of breast tissue that had swollen (action biopsy). In this way they will know the type of growth experienced by cells, whether the tumor is benign or malignant tumor (of cancer).

Breast Cancer Diseases Type
Through examination called mammograms, so this type of breast of cancer can be categorized into two parts, namely:
  1. Non-invasive breast cancer, cancer that occurs in the bag (tube)milk {link between the alveolar (milk producing glands) and nipples}.In the language of medicine called 'ductal carcinoma in it"(DC IS), in which of cancer has not spread to the outside of the tissue sac milk.
  2. Invasive breast cancer, of cancer that has spread beyond the milk bag and attack the surrounding tissue may even lead to the spread (metastasis) such other body gets lymph and other glands through the blood circulation. Kumara treatment


Handling and Treatment of Breast Cancer
Handling and treatment of breast cancer depends on the type and stage experienced by patients. Generally a new person known to suffer breast cancer after stepping on a fairly severe advanced stadium, this is due to a lack of knowledge or a sense of shame so late to be checked for abnormalities medicine is facing.

1. Surgery, the breast cancer known early so surgery was the appropriate action. The doctor removes the lump and a small area surrounding the then replace it with another muscle tissue (lumpectomy). Broadly speaking, there are 3 of surgery or breast cancer surgery including;

  • Radical Mastectomy, the surgical removal of part of the breast (lumpectomy). This operation is always followed by radiotherapy. Lumpectomy usually recommended in patients with large tumors less than 2 cm and located at the edge of the breast.
  • Total Mastectomy, the surgical removal of the entire breast, but not the glands in the armpit.
  • Modified Radical Mastectomy, the surgical removal of the entire breast, breast tissue in the sternum, collarbone and ribs, and lump around the armpit.


2. Radiotherapy (Radiation / radiation), I the process of irradiation on the affected area of ​​cancer using X-rays and gamma rays are aimed at killing cancer cells remaining in the breast after surgery. These actions have unfavorable effects such as the body becomes weak, poor appetite, skin color around the breast to be black, and H B and leukocytes tended to decline as a result of radiation.

3. Hormone Therapy, This is known as 'anti-estrogen therapy' that the system works to block the ability of the hormone estrogen in stimulating growth in breast cancer.

4. Chemotherapy, This is a process of anti-cancer drugs in pill form or capsule or liquid through the infusion aimed at killing cancer cells. This system is expected to reach the target in cancer treatment that may have spread other body gets. Impact of  Chemo therapy were patients experiencing nausea and vomiting and hair loss due to the influence of drugs given during chemotherapy.

5. Perceptibly is treatment is biological therapy is known to be effective against HER2-positive in women who have breast cancer stage II, III and IV with its spread of cancer cells.


For those of you who feel there are things that look different in the breast, get it checked out to the doctor do not be late. For example, the next enlargement, a lump around the breast, continuous pain on the nipple and so on as in the description above signs and symptoms of breast.

Other actions you can do is to avoid obesity, Eat less fat, Try to consume more foods containing vitamin A and C, Do not eat too many salted and smoked foods, exercise regularly, and check- ups since the age of 30 years breasts regularly .

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